University Grants Commission
Guidelines for providing Skill Based Education under
National Skill Qualification Framework
1. Introduction
Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and
social development for any country. Presently, the country faces a
demand - supply mismatch, as the economy needs more
workforce than that is available. In the higher education sphere,
knowledge and skills are required for diverse forms of employment in the
sector of education, health care manufacturing and other services.
Potentially, the target group for skill development comprises all those in
the labour force, including those entering the labour market for the first
time, those employed in the organized sector and also those working in
the unorganized sector.
Government of India, taking note of the requirement for skill development
among students launched National Vocational Education Qualification
Framework (NVEQF) which was later on assimilated into National Skills
Qualifications Framework (NSQF). Various Sector Skill Councils (SSCs)
are developing Qualification Packs
(QPs), National Occupational
(NOSs) and assessment mechanisms in their respective
domains, in alignment with the needs of the industry.
In view of this, the UGC implemented the scheme of Community Colleges
from 2013-14 in pilot mode on the initiative of the MHRD. Thereafter,
realizing the importance and the necessity for developing skills among
students, and creating work ready manpower on large scale, the
Commission decided to implement the scheme of Community Colleges
as one of its independent schemes from the year
2014-15. The
Commission also launched another scheme of B.Voc. Degree
programme to expand the scope of vocational education and also to
provide vertical mobility to the students admitted into Community
Colleges for Diploma programmes to a degree programme in the
Universities and Colleges. While these two schemes were being
implemented, it was also realized that there is a need to give further push
to vocational education on a even larger scale. Accordingly, ‘Deen Dayal
Upadhyay Centres for Knowledge Acquisition and Upgradation of Skilled
Human Abilities and Livelihood (KAUSHAL)’ was also incorporated. Since
all these three provisions serve a common purpose, all these schemes
are merged into a single scheme for providing skill based education
under National Qualification Framework.
2. National Skill Qualification Framework
The National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) is a competency-
based framework that organizes qualifications according to a series of
knowledge, skills and aptitude. The NSQF levels, graded from one to
ten, are defined in terms of learning outcomes which the learner must
possess regardless of whether they are obtained through formal, non-
formal or informal learning. National Occupational Standards (NOS) are
statements of the skills, knowledge and understanding needed for
effective performance in a job role and are expressed as outcomes of
competent performance. They list down what an individual performing
that task should know and also are able to do. These standards can
form the benchmarks for various education and training programs to
match with the job requirements. Just as each job role may require the
performance of a number of tasks, the combination of NOSs
corresponding to these tasks form the Qualification Pack (QP) for that
job role. The NOSs and QPs for each job role corresponding to each
level of the NSQF are being formulated by the respective Sector Skill
Councils (SSCs) set up by National Skill Development Corporation
(NSDC) with industry leadership. The curriculum which is based on
NOSs and QPs would thus automatically comply to NSQF.

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UGC University Grants Commission for providing Skill Based Education under National Skill Qualification Framework

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